One's personality is both a composition and reflection, but if I have to choose one of them, I will choose reflection as the "self" is more important to me than "me". One's composition may change, walking across the cultural landscapes and climbing the social ladder but one's self is tied to one's reflections. The fun part is that reflections are not bound to "Time-Space" barriers ( it is not time-space) and respective mental constructs, which have grown so thick over ages, that they had reduced the image of humans to Sisyphus, rolling different sizes of boulders on hills of different heights.… As the name of this Blog indicates, knols are my perspectives on topics of interests, sweet/bitter experiences or just doodling :)
Saturday, January 14, 2012
A suggested mechanism for philosophy
1- What is the subject of philosophy?
2- What is the mechanism of philosophy?
Here in this article I will propose my solution to these two problems. The answer for the first question is the subject of the philosophy is “IDEA”. Though we use the term idea very commonly but for a better understanding of the term idea as a subject matter of philosophy, we have to look on subject matter of other disciplines also. All objects that could be observed and experimented are the subject matter of science. So Science has a clear boundaries and still science has been divided into different branches based on subject matters to be more specialized. So we expect a zoologist to know about animals and a mineralogist to know about a mineral. Similarly, the subject matter of mathematics is defined. Anything that is measurable directly or indirectly is the subject matter of mathematics. These two examples are very specialized. If we come to social sciences we find the disciplines that are totally related to some form of ideas that human being have agreed upon. The lawyers are specialists of ideas that men have agreed upon. These are called laws, agreements and codes of conducts. Laws are only specific ideas but the philosophy works on ideas that guide and give directions to the agreements, laws, codes of conducts and sciences and math, etc. The main responsibility of the philosophy has to generate ideas for these fields to expand them and verify the ideas that these fields are working on to keep them healthy and intact. As the philosophy has a leading role for other subjects, so it is not a systematic study of the objects of study but it is a system generating machine that provide systems for others systematic studies. Knowing this role of philosophy we can classify the subject matter of philosophy, the “IDEA” in following classes:
1- Ideas generated out of observations
2- Ideas generated out of experiments and experiences
3- Ideas generated out of abstractions
4- Ideas generated out of imaginations and perceptions
The answer to the second question that “What is the mechanism of philosophy?” requires a little effort to understand. I have worked on it when I was a school student and still working on it. Here briefly I present my findings to the time. One can find them in my other articles specified for each of them. Following is the order by which I have deduced them.
1- All mechanisms of knowledge are cyclic. This is named as cycle of knowledge.
2- As all mechanisms of knowledge is cyclic then ideas come out of these mechanisms are partially true OR the reality partially could be expressed by ideas. This is named as instant reality.
3- For expression of ideas to be logical and understandable the ideas have to be presented in relation to other ideas (Because an idea is partial expression of reality)
4- For verifications of ideas and their relations, it is necessary that they must be verified with equilibrium or equations. This is the first order of verification.
5- For the second order of verification, the ideas must be calculated that the equations or equilibriums could be tested. This is named as calculated discipline.
We can express the above mentioned mechanism simplified as following:
“Ideas have four basic sources of generations, like observations, experiences and experiments, abstraction measurements and perceptions and imaginations and these ideas can be verified in four different basis like evidences, experiments or established experiences, abstract calculations and imaginative and perceptive calculations matching with three earlier mentioned calculations”………………..
In science we have two methods for verifications of hypotheses, a) experimentations, b) evidence. These two sources of the verifications are measurable and the sources of scientific data and generation of scientific knowledge. In mathematics the measurements of abstract ideas like numbers, lines, degrees etc are verified by counter measurements and proved. So we have three basic criteria for authentic verifications and those are calculated experiences, evidences and measurements of abstract ideas. If we consider the “idea” as a subject matter of philosophy, so there are two more sources of the ideas and those are perceptions and imaginations and these two are the real sources of the problems as well as the real sources of creating new ideas and fields (Actually these two are the engines of creativity that produce raw materials for other disciplines). If we verify the raw ideas come of the perceptions and imaginations with calculated evidences, experiences and abstractions then we can verify them and make them reliable sources. If we do so we can make the philosophy more specialized and available to masses and hence raise the judgments and thinking ability of masses or in other words we can make able the time to produce great leaders in every fields.