The ambitions of Pashtoon tribes, their Afghanization campaigns and their rivalry among themselves for power were suiting Imperial British's interests. British Empire organized, armed and helped them in their Afghanization campaigns to create a buffer zone to stop Russians advance and avoid a direct confrontation with Russian Empire.This strategy of English Empire although beneficial to both Russians and English but proved disastrous to Hazaras. English helped in training, armed them with new weapons and organized them to dominate the neighboring tribes so they could successfully create a buffer zone against Russians. As Afghans remained under Shiites Persians rule for long so they had general hatred towards Shiites and Persians. Hazaras were both Shiites and Persian speaking, so the Afghans used those golden chances for ethnic cleansing of Hazaras.
The most conspicuous event is the campaign of Abdurahman khan against Hazaras. Britishers have sporadically recorded the events of Afghan invasions on Hazarajat. 75% percent of Hazaras land were cleared of Hazaras, allotted and repopulated by different tribes of Afghans. About 75% of Hazara populations were massacred and forced to migrate. Besides large number of forced migrations, a large number of Hazara population were forced to convert to Sunni Islam and their children and women were sold and presented to different Afghan tribes. In this period, Hazaras revolted several times against heavy taxes and injustices. Hazaras had not the permission to join Government posts and army. They were allowed only to jobs that other tribes were not willing to do. Those revolts though were not successful but developed the sentiments of Hazara nationhood and patriotism for Hazarajat. The thought of separate homeland for Hazaras were developed. Hazaras thought and think that the only solution for their miseries lie in freedom and liberation of Hazarajat. This process of Afghan invasion continued till the invasion of Afghanistan by Red Army.
As of now, there are several future scenarios of Hazaras in association with changing Afghanistan,
a. A strong federation of Afghanistan that allows each nation have autonomy and hence a peaceful co-existence (That is a demand made by Afghan opposition but as of now, the Afghan government is taking it as Balkanization of Afghanistan)
b. The partition of Afghanistan into two states, one for Afghans and other one a federation of Tajik, Uzbek and Hazaras areas. This is one of the escape strategy suggested to international forces.
c. The current Scenario continues and after withdrawal of international forces in 2014, the repetition of 1990s decade.
Hazaras in Quetta Pakistan;
1st Era; Because of several invasions, deliberate efforts of cultural destruction, changes in population compositions, forced migrations and economic blockade, the history and collective memory of Hazaras are lost. It is natural that there are many claims and counterclaims but despite all these ambiguities certain characteristics of Hazara people and their history remained intact, including,
a. Asiatic, specifically central Asian characters are evident both in their biology and culture.
b. Consisting to history of this part of word, despite of dominant Mongolian features, the Hazaras are a historical nation whose composition have been changed by invading forces and people who migrated to seek shelter in Hazarajat.
c. Culture and ethnicity have been the dominant force in suppression, resistance and identity of Hazaras.
2nd Era: In the second era of Hazara history that is characterized by developments of political and economical thoughts, one idea has been strengthen during all four periods and that is the sole solution for securing Hazaras and their existence from Afghan invasion is freedom of Hazarajat as a homeland of Hazaras. Hazaras, neighboring nations and international community have sooner or later have to realize that if they do not want the repetition of historical tragedy again and again, they have to let Hazaras to have their own homeland and decide their own fate. The longer the realization, the bigger will be loss for all and bitterer will be the fate of this part of world.
Note. 1; [... Before we discuss the historical evolution of Hazara nation, let me make clear one thing. Modern people who are exposed to the concept of the nation states, ethnicity and races, usually ignore one key factor of not so long concept (perhaps a century old concept) and that is the nation meant very different thing in past particularly in most part of Asia. It was mostly the families who were ruling and making empires and the constant struggles for power within family of ruling classes and with other families were constantly shifting empires and alliances. The constant power struggles were a main cause of migrations and changes in the compositions of populations. In short when we talk, about history of nation we have to keep in mind two things,
1. The history of this region is not the history of nations but empires (which were families not nations) and empires were aggregates of different people. So when people try to link a nation with Kushanis or Sassanids and so on, they should not forget that they are mixing families with nations)
2. There is no nation purely based on an ethnicity or a culture but on aggregates of people that have enough commonalities that distinct them from other nations)....]
Note. 2; Despite of systematic and several attempts for total destruction of the historical and cultural pasts of Hazaras by demolitions of historical places, burning of books and written records, killings of scholars and denial of education, the carved history of Hazaras on rock cliffs, Archaeological ruins and their genes could not be destroyed. Beside systematic efforts to delete the pasts of Hazaras, there have been systematic efforts to distort their past through creating ambiguity. In short, Archeology, language, cultural traditions and genetic studies are still reliable sources that invite for research into history of Hazaras. Having said that, I should acknowledge that so far history has been mostly composed of narratives. As a Hazara, I have my narrative of my history. Through my interactions with other people, I have noted several characteristics of Hazaras and these characteristics become even more distinct when we compare Hazaras to neighboring nations and those are the diversity of Hazaras' physical morphology, language, culture, a long history of migrations and ease of acceptance and assimilation to those who took refuge in them and adaptations. My narrative of my history comes from talks of my elders, my observations and history of the area and somewhat also of genetic studies. You may take it as my perception of my history but it is not just perceptions but RISE OF A NATION FROM ASHES...